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In a recent meeting with Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte, Chinese President Xi Jinping emphasized that China’s technological progress cannot be obstructed by any force. The discussion focused on the critical semiconductor industry, with Xi expressing China’s commitment to pursuing a win-win approach. Tensions between China and the Netherlands have arisen due to export restrictions on advanced chip technology, including extreme ultraviolet lithography machines essential for chip manufacturing. These restrictions have caused disagreements between the two countries, as China has accused the Netherlands of creating scientific and technological barriers that could lead to division and confrontation.

Dutch tech giant ASML has been prohibited from exporting EUV lithography machines to China, which are essential for making the smallest and most sophisticated chips. The Netherlands has also restricted the export of deep ultraviolet lithography systems used for slightly less advanced chips. China’s response to these restrictions has highlighted the importance of cooperation and dialogue, with Xi urging the Netherlands to provide a fair and transparent business environment for Chinese enterprises. He emphasized that decoupling and breaking the chain is not an option, and that creating obstacles in the scientific and technological domain will only hinder progress and lead to further discord.

Xi’s remarks underscore China’s determination to continue advancing in the technology sector, despite challenges and obstacles. He stressed the importance of cooperation and mutual understanding in overcoming differences and promoting shared interests between China and the Netherlands. Rutte echoed Xi’s sentiments, stating that the Dutch government aims to limit the impact of export restrictions related to the semiconductor industry and avoid targeting specific countries. Both leaders emphasized the need for a balanced and fair approach to business environments, emphasizing that policies should not undermine the development interests of either party.

The strained relations between China and the Netherlands highlight broader tensions in the global semiconductor industry, where competition and technological advancements drive economic growth and national security concerns. The export restrictions and disagreements between China and the Netherlands reflect broader geopolitical struggles over technological dominance and supply chain resilience. As China continues to invest heavily in its semiconductor industry and pursue technological innovation, countries like the Netherlands are faced with balancing economic interests and national security considerations in their trade policies.

Despite the challenges and disagreements between China and the Netherlands, both countries recognize the importance of maintaining dialogue and cooperation in the technology sector. Xi’s message of unity and collaboration emphasizes the mutual benefits of working together to address shared challenges and promote technological progress. The ongoing discussions between China and the Netherlands signal a willingness to overcome differences and find common ground in navigating the complexities of the global semiconductor industry. By fostering a climate of cooperation and understanding, both countries can work towards sustainable solutions that support innovation and economic growth while safeguarding national interests.

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