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Saudi Arabia on its National Day… a prosperous present that completes a unique history


Asharq Al-Awsat opens with historians a window on the circumstances of the establishment and development of the Third State

On the 92nd Saudi National Day, Asharq Al-Awsat opens a window from the history of the Kingdom and turns pages with researchers and historians, to review the journey of the young founding king who restored the king of his fathers and grandfathers.

Interviews with three historians paint a picture of the circumstances of the emergence of the third Saudi state, in a very difficult and turbulent global and regional environment. It also sheds light on the unique personality of the founding King, Abdul Aziz bin Abdul Rahman bin Faisal Al Saud, by reading in the documents and writings of those who lived with him.

The young man was able to restore the lost possession, which lasted for 400 years, through two states bearing the name “Saudi Arabia.” , a royal order of seven articles to transform the name of the Kingdom of Hejaz-Najd to “The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia”.

This royal order was a signal to start the march of the modern Saudi state, which took its place on the international map, and turned into a difficult number in the equation, with an influential global and regional presence, during the reign of its seventh king, King Salman bin Abdulaziz, who and his Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman are building a state for the future. Through extensive reforms on the wing of the “Kingdom’s Vision 2030”.

With the advent of the National Day, the Saudis recall important features of their country’s history, reviewing a long tape covering more than 9 decades, starting from the third founding phase at the hands of King Abdul Aziz, passing through the stages of modernization and construction during the reign of kings: Saud, Faisal, Khaled, Fahd, and Abdullah, May God have mercy on them, to the stage of “modernization” during the reign of King Salman and his crown prince.

In an interview with Asharq Al-Awsat, historian Rashid Asaker details how the founding king changed the approach to writing the kingdom’s history after giving freedom to his advisors to present sober works away from personalization, idolatry, and exaggerations.

Dr. Jawaher Al Saud accompanies us in a reading of British documents during the founding period, to tell how the founding king imposed his state as a political reality on the British and Ottoman empires.

As for the researcher Bandar bin Muammar, he extracts from two images, one hundred years between them, the story of the development of the Saudi state in the field of building leaders and formulating systems and laws, and presents a presentation of legal systems that are more than a century old, to dispel the prevailing impression that the Kingdom did not modernize its legal structure until 30 years ago.

By browsing between the writings and testimonies of European orientalists and Arab and Muslim visitors to King Abdulaziz, the researcher Ismail Al-Salamat sheds light on the consensus of these people on the uniqueness of the personality of the founder of the third Saudi state.
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