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A new type of war whose precursors began at the end of the twentieth century and the beginning of the second millennium, its arenas are ethereal and its soldiers use no weapons other than advanced technologies to penetrate sensitive sites in the targeted countries, disrupt services there, steal data and threaten the interests that technological development has linked to the information network.
Every day, thousands of attacks are launched on companies, government and private entities around the world, and these attacks often succeed.
According to a report by the FBI and the annual reports of the Internet Crime Complaint Center, cybercrime has witnessed a steady rise over the past years, and it includes almost all fields. Russian. Or the paralysis of local government in Baltimore, Atlanta, and small towns across Texas.
The report also indicated that 61% of small businesses were the target of cyberattacks in 2021.
According to the FBI, about 900,000 complaints were recorded by US citizens who were subjected to fraud, extortion, identity theft, and data breaches, with losses in those attacks amounting to about $6.9 billion.
All of this and other attacks on sensitive federal ministries and state agencies prompted US President Joe Biden to announce a national US strategy for cybersecurity, based on holding major agencies responsible for cybersecurity and increasing long-term investments to secure the internet in the future.
On the other side of the Atlantic, the European Union has formed a “cybersecurity” agency to address cyberattacks, which have become a threat to the national security of the Union, as is the case with weapons of mass destruction and climate change, and the European Union expects that the cost of these attacks will reach about $8 trillion per year. 2023 from $3 trillion in 2015, to $10 billion in 2025.
The World Economic Forum ranked cyber attacks the fifth biggest global threat, along with weapons of mass destruction and climate change.
And at the NATO summit in June 2021, major cyber attacks were included among the reasons for activating Article Five of the NATO Charter, which considers any attack on a member of the alliance as an attack on the entire alliance.
The goals of cyber attacks vary from disrupting information systems and infrastructure to destroying or stealing their data, and hackers can often stand behind them in pursuit of money.
Perhaps countries have adopted cyberattacks, by disrupting vital sites of a country they consider an enemy, in light of the information revolution, which prompted the countries of the world to enhance their cyber attack capabilities and strengthen their technological immunity against them, by developing programs to immunize their electronic programs, and it is expected that 3.5 million new jobs will be created in cybersecurity. in 2023.