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Egypt has announced that it will join South Africa in bringing a genocide case against Israel before the International Court of Justice, citing the worsening attacks on Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip. The Egyptian Ministry of Foreign Affairs stated that Israel has failed to meet its obligations under the Genocide Convention, pointing to the direct targeting of civilians, destruction of infrastructure, and displacement of Palestinians in the region. The death toll in Gaza has reportedly surpassed 35,000 people, with many victims being women and children.

The ongoing conflict between Israel and Gaza escalated following a surprise attack by Hamas on an outdoor concert in Israel, resulting in the deaths of more than 1,200 people. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has vowed to destroy Hamas in retaliation for the attack, but as civilian casualties have mounted, he has faced international pressure to moderate the Israeli Defense Forces’ actions. The United States, a key ally of Israel, has called on Netanyahu to reduce attacks on the Gaza Strip in order to prevent further civilian deaths and has withheld weapons for a potential ground invasion of Rafah, where many Palestinians have sought refuge.

Humanitarian workers have also faced danger in the conflict, with 7 employees of the World Central Kitchen killed by Israeli shelling in April. The CEO of the organization, Erin Gore, condemned the attack as an assault on humanitarian efforts to provide food aid in conflict zones. Access to medical and humanitarian aid in Gaza has become increasingly difficult, leaving civilians vulnerable to hunger and disease as the conflict continues.

Egypt’s decision to join the genocide case against Israel adds to the international pressure on the Israeli government. Turkey and Colombia have also expressed support for the case, with Turkey stating that it will join after Colombia signed on last month. The goal of the case is to ensure the safety and survival of the Palestinian people in the face of escalating violence and humanitarian crises in the region.

While the International Court of Justice may take years to determine the genocide case, the court’s rulings are largely symbolic and do not carry enforcement actions or penalties. However, the case serves as a platform for countries to hold Israel accountable for its actions in the conflict and to raise awareness of the plight of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip. The international community continues to monitor the situation and push for a peaceful resolution to the conflict to prevent further loss of life and humanitarian crises in the region.

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